Reproduction Rights Organisation in Indonesia
It is expected that at the beginning of 2009 an RRO (reproduction rights organisation) will have been established in Indonesia.
The declaration for the establishment of an RRO in Indonesia was made by Ikapi (Indonesian Book Publishers Association) along with writers, publishers, librarians,
government and readers on the occasion of the WIPO National Seminar on The Protection of Reproduction Rights organised by the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO)
in cooperation with Ikapi and the Directorate General of Intellectual Property Rights, Department of Law and Human Rights, and Japan Copyright Office on 13 November 2008
at Hotel Atlet Century Park, Jakarta. It was witnessed by the Secretary General of IFRRO, Olav Stokkmo (Brussel), Michael Lijic from Copyright Agency Limited, Australia, Paul Wee, CALL,
Singapore and Candra Darusman representing WIPO, Swiss and the government represented by the Director for Copyright, Ministry of Law and Human Rights,
Directorate General of Intellectual Property Rights, Arry Ardanta Sigit and Ansori Sinungan and copyright experts from Indonesia, Agus Sarjono, Raja Manahara, Edi Damian and others.
The seminar was attended by more than 200 participants, including those from abroad, book publishing stakeholders from Brunei Darussalam, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, Australia.
The aim of the establishment of the RRO in Indonesia is to provide protection for art workers/creators/writers/authors, so that book publishing in Indonesia can flourish
and make for easier access to information toward the enhancement of knowledge.
It is a fact that in many countries the creative industries have been contributing significantly to the GDP.
Although legal protection and law enforcement in Indonesia are admittedly still weak, it is nevertheless absolutely necessary for her to establish an
RRO (reproduction rights organisation) in view of the advances in the fields of digital and information technologies,
which are making possible changes in behaviour in all walks of life, including the business world. It is hoped that with the establishment of an RRO,
Indonesia would be able to enhance the awareness of the people as regards the importance of copyright in reducing the piracy of intellectual property rights
which would otherwise erode the state revenues from the tax sector and discourage creativity and innovation on the part of various art groups in Indonesia.
In addition, it is also hoped that the presence of an RRO in Indonesia would serve as a mediator between authors
and as a vehicle for more equitable distribution of economic rights amongst holders of copyright,
and from reproduction fees whether collected domestically and/or abroad, leading to the encouragement of creativity amongst art workers.
The RRO, which for sure still has a long way to go, was established in the form of a foundation and is called "Yayasan Cipta Buku Indonesia".
It will need the support of book publishing stakeholders, writers, authors, creators/art workers, the government, book lovers and law enforcers, as well as from foreign partners.
The seminar on copyright held three years ago on the basis of a cooperation between Ikapi and ACCU has been the main force that provided the impetus for the formation of the RRO in Indonesia.
(February 2009, Kartini Nurdin, APPREB correspondent)
49 titles of textbooks uploaded as of June
The Minister of National Education said on June 23, 2008 that 49 titles of textbooks whose copyrights have been purchased by the government, out of 250 titles planned to be purchased, have been uploaded and are available for downloading at the website http://bse.depdiknas.go.id/, www.depdiknas.go.id/, www.pusbuk.or.id.
He said that the public can access them without charge in the form of e-books from the Department of National Education's website. "Teachers, students, local governments, and entrepreneurs are welcome to download the textbooks and then to make copies, print, and reproduce them, and in fact to offer them for sale."
However, according to Kompas (30 June 2008 issue) many regions have difficulty getting access to the Internet, especially those located outside of Java, due to the dearth of Internet services there. The unavailability of Internet services makes things difficult for schools in the regions; it is difficult to find or to go to Internet kiosks, because they are located far away from the schools. In addition, the download process is very slow due to the fact that the data is so big, reaching up to 500 MB. A report from the Department of National Education says that it is doing its utmost to provide and widen the public's access to electronic school textbooks and hopes that the technical problems can be resolved as soon as possible.
The promotion of the availability of the 49 titles of the textbooks for downloading from the Internet is being conducted vigorously by the Department of National Education through electronic and print mass media, television and radio.
(July 2008, Kartini Nurdin, APPREB Correspondent)
Discussion Forum on Establishing an RRO in Indonesia at Jakarta Book Fair
Ikapi is pushing for the formation of a Reproduction Right Organisation (RRO) in Indonesia, which was explained elaborately by ACCU on the occasion of a National Seminar and Workshop for Copyright Awareness and the Production and Utilisation of the Indonesian Version of "Asian Copyright Handbook" held on 23-26 January 2006. During the Jakarta Book Fair held from 28 June to 6 July 2008, a Discussion Forum on the establishing of an RRO was held on July 2, 2008 at Ruang Anggrek, Istora Senayan Jakarta. It was attended by experts from the Department of Law and Human Rights and the Police. It also involved publishers, writers, authors, illustrators, and other creators, and the Department of National Education. It was also open to the visitors of the Book Fair.
Jakarta Books Fair 2008 was officially opened to the public on Saturday, June 28, after having been officially opened by the Governor of Jakarta, Dr. Fauzi Bowo. It became a routine activity to commemorate the anniversary of Jakarta. The Fair boasts a variety of activities ranging from book launchings and discussion forums to award presentations to those who have played an important role in book publishing, such as Erik Tohir from the daily Republika dan Jessy Gusman, who has done a lot to promote the establishment of public libraries.
(July 2008, Kartini Nurdin, APPREB Correspondent)
Government to buy school textbooks copyrights
The government is buying the copyrights for standardised textbooks used from grade school to senior high levels and they will be uploaded into websites.
Textbooks for elementary and high school levels are evaluated by the National Board of Education Standards before being used by the teachers and students as a source of learning in an education unit.
The National Board for Education Standards (Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan, or BSNP) is an independent body which was established in May 2005 appointed by the Minister of National Education, based on personal capabilities.
The education reform in Indonesia demands the improvement of access and quality of education by applying the principles of democracy, decentralisation and empowerment of community involvement.
The Education Act 2003 stipulates a nine-year compulsory basic education; in fact, citizens of 7 - 15 years of age are encouraged to go to school/college.
The national education system aims at developing abilities and character to develop dignified national culture and move towards creating a nation of intelligent people. Through the development of the potentials of school children it is hoped that they will become community members who believe in God, who are honourable in character, healthy, knowledgeable, smart, creative, self-reliant, and who can become democratic and responsible citizens.
The decision of the government to buy textbook copyrights has had an effect on textbook publishers, because prior to that they had sold to schools directly through school cooperatives and teachers.
The government seems to have put the blame on the publishers for having driven teachers into the book marketing business. It should be noted that bookstores in Indonesia are limited in number and in general do not sell or distribute school textbooks.
The Decision of the Minister of National Education No. 2/ 2008 has become a burning topic in the mass media, both print and electronic, and pro and con among publishers, IKAPI, education and book publication watchers, and the government.
The Education Ministry has allocated Rp. 800 billion (US$ 88 million) to buy the copyright of school textbooks. So far, the government has already purchased 45 textbook copyrights out of 250 titles, each of which was paid the amount of Rp. 100,000,000. to Rp. 175,000,000 (US$ 10,800 - US$ 19,000).
The textbooks will be uploaded into websites in August this year and will be convenient for downloading.
(April 2008, Kartini Nurdin, APPREB correspondent)