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Quanzhou Muqu

Quanzhou Marionette Show


China_A09_QuanZhouMuQu


During the Southern Song Dynasty, the marionette show flourished in the middle part of Fujian. Quanzhou Marionette Show is very difficult to perform. Normally one figure has a dozen threads, sometimes even twenty or more than thirty threads.


Reasons for selection

N/A


Area where performed

Quanzhou Muqu is popular in the coastal area of the south eastern part of Fujian province and Taiwan.


Essential elements of the performing art

Music, Puppet Theatre


Detailed explanation

During the Southern Song Dynasty, the marionette show flourished in the middle part of Fujian. Quanzhou Marionette Show is very difficult to perform. Normally one figure has a dozen threads, sometimes even twenty or more than thirty threads. The music of Quanzhou Marionette Show is rich in qudiao (tunes), sonorous and vivacious, the music is called Kuilediao. Quanzhou Marionette Show is accompanied mainly with small suona horns. The percussion instruments reserve some ancient instruments like the nangu (drum)and zhenglu (a kind of gong). The beating skill of nangu is rather difficult. The drummer presses the surface of the drum with one of his heel, and unceasingly moves as he cooperates with the drum stick. The sound of drum can be controlled loud or soft, and can be in perfect harmony with the melody qupai. Since 1949, Quanzhou Marionette Show has been more developed, for instance, from four performers, simeiban, acting in each play increased to more than ten at one time on the stage.


Publication and textual documentation

HUANG Shaolong
1996 Quanzhou Kuilei Yishugaishu Brief Account of Quanzhou Marionette Show .
Beijing: Theatrical Publishing House of China. In Chinese.
In 1987, Quanzhou Local Traditional Opera Research Community and Quanzhou Marionette Show Troupe published a collection of Quanzhou Marionette Show Mu Lian Saving His Mother.


Audio documentation

N/A


Visual documentation

A film Minnan Marionette Show is available.
During 1989 -1990, Quanzhou Marionette Show Troupe organized a performance for videotaping. It was videotaped by Fujian Arts Research Institute. The repertoires are: Li Shimming Visiting the Nether World, San Zang Going on a Pilgrimage for the Buddhist Scriptures, Journey to the West, etc.


Institution/organisation involved in preservation and promotion

N/A


Data provider

Mr. Wang Ankui
Director
Traditional Opera Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Arts
Address: 17 Qianhai Xijie, Beijing 100009, China