Quanzhou Muqu is popular in the coastal area of the south eastern part of Fujian province and Taiwan.
Music, Puppet Theatre
During the Southern Song Dynasty, the marionette show flourished in the middle part of Fujian. Quanzhou Marionette Show is very difficult to perform. Normally one figure has a dozen threads, sometimes even twenty or more than thirty threads. The music of Quanzhou Marionette Show is rich in qudiao (tunes), sonorous and vivacious, the music is called Kuilediao. Quanzhou Marionette Show is accompanied mainly with small suona horns. The percussion instruments reserve some ancient instruments like the nangu (drum)and zhenglu (a kind of gong). The beating skill of nangu is rather difficult. The drummer presses the surface of the drum with one of his heel, and unceasingly moves as he cooperates with the drum stick. The sound of drum can be controlled loud or soft, and can be in perfect harmony with the melody qupai. Since 1949, Quanzhou Marionette Show has been more developed, for instance, from four performers, simeiban, acting in each play increased to more than ten at one time on the stage.
1996 Quanzhou Kuilei Yishugaishu Brief Account of Quanzhou Marionette Show .
Beijing: Theatrical Publishing House of China. In Chinese.
In 1987, Quanzhou Local Traditional Opera Research Community and Quanzhou Marionette Show Troupe published a collection of Quanzhou Marionette Show Mu Lian Saving His Mother.
A film Minnan Marionette Show is available.
During 1989 -1990, Quanzhou Marionette Show Troupe organized a performance for videotaping. It was videotaped by Fujian Arts Research Institute. The repertoires are: Li Shimming Visiting the Nether World, San Zang Going on a Pilgrimage for the Buddhist Scriptures, Journey to the West, etc.
Mr. Wang Ankui
Traditional Opera Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Arts
Address: 17 Qianhai Xijie, Beijing 100009, China