There are different types of traditional and folk dramas in Iran. At first, Ta'zieh, Kheimeh-shab-bazi, and Takte-Howzi are introduced since they are theatrically more developed than other types of dramas. They are also regarded as an important part of Iran's cultural heritage.
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Music, Dance, Theatre
Takte-Howzi is based on improvisation because there is no dramatic text. The subjects are chosen with regard to the society's current affairs as well as its special types. Sometimes, the actors are the members of a bussinessman's family. The family has a male servant called Mobarak who is black and dressed in red.
Mobarak whose manner of speaking is sweetly peculiar is consulted and asked for help by the members of the stingy and greedy family. The children of the family have friends of whom the parents are ignorant.
Sometimes, the characters are a king, his attendants and Mobarak, the King's servant, whose taking measures against the king's cruelties provokes laughter while mocking the current political affairs.
At first, the groups performing Takte-Howzi, like traveling troupes, acted this drama in ceremonies, but nowadays it is performed in the theaters.
It can be said that Takte-Howzi was based on Kheimeh-shab-bazi, and improvisation was used so that they might not be arrested by the officials.
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Ms. Laleh Taghian
Manager of publication
Center of Dramatic Arts
Address: Vahdat Hall, Ostad shahnar St., Hatez Ave., Tehran, Iran