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Mongolia

Boogiin Urlag

Shamanistic Arts


Mongolia_A02_BoogiinUrlag


A shamanistic ritual with dance, poetry and drum etc. inviting the spirits of the Heaven, Earth and Under the Earth to the happiness for their lives.


Reasons for selection

Mongolian shamanism is a syncretic art including music, song, dance, poetry and decoration. Therefore it is important to do research, to preserve and to transmit our ancient folk syncretic art. Based on these objectives, it has been selected.


Area where performed

Northern (Hovsgol)and North-Eastern (Dornod)parts of Mongolia.


Essential elements of the performing art

Music, Dance, Puppet Theatre, Poetry and decoration


Detailed explanation

Shamanistic art remained in Siberia and in Mongolia with its classic characters. It is an art phenomenon. The main performance is the sacrifice of the Heavens and spirits. One or several shamans invite and trance their own spirits and welcome the spirit with the food and drinks. The other people who is participating at the ritual talk to the spirit about their sorrow and happiness, and insure their life.

Every season or every month the different shamans have the different dates when they do their performance. The shamans do their performance at the place where they live.

Shamanistic art founded from the hunting period and transmitted within the nomadic tribes and until to the contemporary period it is existing parallel to the other religions such as Buddhism.


Publication and textual documentation

S. Dulam
1992 The Tradition of Darkhat Shamans.
In Mongolian.

O. Purev
1998 Mongolian Shamanism.
In Mongolian.


Audio documentation

S. Dulam, Darkhat Shaman, 1992.
S. Dulam, Tsaatan Shaman, 1992.
S. Dulam, Buriat Shaman, 1994, 1995.


Visual documentation

S. Dulam, Darkhat Shaman, 1992.
S. Dulam, Tsaatan Shaman, 1992.
S. Dulam, Buriat Shaman, 1994.
S. Dulam, Bum-Ochir, Buriat Shaman Ritual Chanar, 1995.
Buriat Shaman Sacrifice of Baigal Lake, 1996.


Institution/organisation involved in preservation and promotion

Center of Intangible Heritage in Ulaanbaatar, National University of Mongolia (NUM), School of Mongolian Study (SMS), Center for Studies of Nomadic Civilization in Ulaanbaatar.


Data provider

Dr. Dulam Sendenjav
Director, Center for Studies of Nomadic Civilization
School of Mongolian Study
National University of Mongolia
Address: P.O. Box 46/457, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia