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Performing Arts




Pangalay dancers performing during the celebration of the Hariraya Pruasa at the end of the Muslim Ramadan.
From: CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Arts (1994). vol.2. p.280.

It is a dance or variety of dances indigenous to the Samal people of Southern Philippines performed in connection with significant social and religious events.

Reasons for selection

This is chosen because it is one of the performing arts of Muslim Filipinos that is endangered by modernization.

Area where performed

The Sulu archipelago of Southern Philippines

Essential elements of the performing art

Music, Dance

Detailed explanation

This is a repertory of indigenous traditional dance which the Samal people of the Sulu archipelago in Southern Philippines performed on various important social and religious occasions especially in connection with Islamic festivals such as the ending of the month of fasting called Ramadan, and Muslim weddings. It usually contains stylized narrative content as in the wedding Pangalay ( Pangalay Pangantin )in which dance the bridegroom by his movements indicates his readiness to defend the bride.

It is difficult to ascertain the dates of its inception, but it is regarded as indigenous and traditional to the Samal people. Today it is endangered by modernization and the departure of younger generations to urban centers thus limiting the prospects of effective successors to the present generation of dancers.

Publication and textual documentation

AMILBANGSA, Ligaya Fernando
1983 Pangalay: Traditional Dances and Related Folk Artistic Expressions.
Manila: Filipinos Foundation, Inc. In English.

Audio documentation

no information at present

Visual documentation

no information at present

Institution/organisation involved in preservation and promotion

no information at present

Data provider

Dr. Florentino H. Hornedo
Ateneo de Manila University
Address: Dept. of Filipino, School of Arts and Sciences, Loyola Heights, Quezon City, Philippines