Asia Pacific Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU)
Asia-Pacific Database on Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH)

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Viet Nam

Trong Quan

Army Drum


Alternating singing between boys and girls is a folk performing art of farmers in Red River Delta. This traditional performing art takes place not only in festivals but also at free time in everyday life.


Reasons for selection

Alternating singing between boys and girls accompanied by an underground resonator box is an interesting folk performing art of Viet ethnic people in the Northern Delta.


Area where performed

Delta of Viet Nam


Essential elements of the performing art

Music, Folk poem


Detailed explanation

Alternating singing between boys and girls is a folk performing art of farmers in Red River Delta. This traditional performing art takes place not only in festivals but also at free time in everyday life. It is a means of trying boys' and girls' proficiency in improvising poems. They beat the "underground drum" while singing. In fact it's an "underground resonator box" giving the drum's sound.

In comparison with other folk performances, alternating singing between boys and girls includes most literary and musical creations and it is an interesting cultural activity in Vietnamese farmers' life.


Publication and textual documentation

not yet available


Audio documentation

already available


Visual documentation

already available


Institution/organisation involved in preservation and promotion

Viet Nam Institute of Culture and Arts Studies


Data provider

Ms. Hoang Son
Head of Traditional Culture Section
Viet Nam Institute of Culture and Arts Studies
Address: La Thanh dyke Street, O Cho Dua, Dong Da district, Hanoi, Viet Nam