Asia Pacific Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU)
Asia-Pacific Database on Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH)

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Policies and Actions
 

Mongolia


National level agency/organisation dedicated to preservation and promotion of traditional/folk performing arts

- The Research Institute of Arts and Culture of Mongolia
- The Institute of Language and Literature of the Mongolian Academy of Science
- The Mongolian National Center for Intangible Cultural Heritage
- Mongolian National Ensemble of Folk Song and Dance

Prominent NGOs working in this field

- Mongolian National Center for Intangible Cultural Heritage
- Researchers and Supporters Society for Mongolian Traditional Art
- Mongolian Center for Shamanistic Research
- Mongolian Society of Eulogists and Well-Wishers
- Mongolian Society of Morin huur Musicians
- Mongolian Society of Urtiin Duu Singers

Brief chronology-history

1930 Central People's Theater, the activity of which was based on traditional/folk performing arts, was first established in Mongolia.

1935 The honorary titles Glorious National Singer and Glorious National Musician were set up. Later they became the titles People's Artist of Mongolia and Honored Artist of Mongolia. Besides the professional artists many performers of traditional folk arts (singers, Hoomii singers, dancers, musicians and eulogists, national acrobatic artists)were and are awarded these honorary titles.

1947 First National Competition of folk song singers.

1948 First National Competition of eulogists and well-wishers.

1960 First National Competition of folk musicians.

1956 First nation-wide review of folk art performers was organized in Mongolia. Since then, these review has been organized every five years.

1960-1970 The Mongolian National Ensemble of Folk Song and Dance and the provincial folk song and dance ensembles Altai, Selegiin Dolgio, and Khan Khentii were founded.

1982 The Central Committee of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party adopted its resolution on the preservation and promotion of the Mongolian traditional folk arts.

1982, 1986, 1990. The National Folk Art Festivals were organized.

1990 The Mongolian Parliament adopted the law on the preservation and protection of historical and cultural properties, the law of culture and the document on the Mongolian Government policy on culture.

1999 A national programme on the support to the traditional folk arts was adopted by the Mongolian government. The Mongolian Ministry of Science, Technology, Education and Culture and the Mongolian National Center for Intangible Cultural Heritage jointly elaborated a draft law on inheriting and developing intangible cultural heritage and submitted it to the Mongolian Parliament.

Legislation in this field

The law on the preservation, protection of historical and cultural properties, the law of culture (Since 1995, 1996 these laws have been observed in Mongolia).

The laws mostly apply to the tangible cultural heritage. The above-mentioned draft law on inheriting and developing the intangible cultural heritage must be adopted and observed in the near future.

The strategies at national level are:
a)to have a law of the preservation, protection and promotion of the intangible cultural heritage.
b)to establish a nation-wide network for the preservation, protection and promotion of the intangible cultural heritage in Mongolia.
c)to urgently document the performing arts and oral heritage in audio and visual collections.
d)to make the national data base and archives of intangible cultural heritage.
e)to establish a nation-wide inventory of the unique talents bearing the intangible cultural heritage and to take them under the state protection.
f)to establish a national training program of master-apperentice in the field of oral heritage.
g)to improve and foster the scientific structure in Mongolia through national cooperation in the preservation and promotion of intangible cultural heritage.

Category/types of performing arts

Long and short songs, Hoomii (throat)singing, whistling, performance manners and styles on musical instruments, eulogy, well-wishing and epic-telling and folk dance ( Bie, Bielgee ), Tsam (mask)dance and shamanistic performance.

Inventories/directories

A complete inventory or a comprehensive directory is now being prepared.

Audio・visual documentation collection

An audio and visual documentation collections of Mongolian traditional/folk performing arts are made by the Mongolian National Center for Intangible Cultural Heritage. The MAS Institute of Language and Literature and the Research Institute of Arts and Culture have some audio documentation collections.

Aspects of traditional/folk performing arts in education

The forms 1-4 of the secondary schools are taught the essentials of the folk performing arts. There are some national and local music and dance schools in Mongolia. The Mongolian University of Arts and Culture and the Music and Choreographic College prepare professional performers of the traditional/folk arts according to their formal educational curriculum.

Data provider

(2000)
Mr. Sonom-Isiin Yundenbat
Executive Director
Mongolian National Center for Intangible Cultural Heritage
Address: Baga Toiruu 26, Ulaanbaatar 210646, Mongolia