Literacy Rate Illiterate Population
92.5 % 3.9 million
source :  2000 figures estimated by UNESCO Institute for Statistics, July 2002

National Literacy Goals
YEAR 2005 2010 2015
Total adult literacy rate (%) ... 98.0 ...
Female adult literacy rate (%) ... ... ...
Male adult literacy rate (%) ... ... ...

Definition of a Literate Person

A person who is literate has to achieve the literacy skills equivalent to grade 3 out of 5 grades of primary education and to be able to apply these skills in his/her day life.

Name of National Literacy Agency

1) National Committee for Literacy
2) Continuing Education Department

"Literacy Facts and Figures" of Viet Nam
Structure of National Literacy Agency

number of NGOs working in the field of literacy 7 (1997)
number of literacy classes in most recent year ...
number of classroom hours designated to achieve basic literacy 250

National Policies and Strategies

National Policies on Literacy / Non-formal Education in Latest Policy Document on Education
a. The national education policy considers manpower as a decisive factor in socio-economic growth. The investment for man's education is the investment for development.
b. Carry out simultaneously the aspects of Education for All.
- Pre-school Education (PSE).
- Universalization of Primary Education (UPE).
- Universalization of Lower Secondary Education (ULSE).
- Eradication of illiteracy (EOL) and
- Continuing Education for Development (CED).
c. Ensure that the EFA aspects serve socio-economic development.
d. Create a convenient learning environment provide access to written materials and mass media for all, and gradually build a learning society.

Increase the investment of the Government, the responsibility of the governmental agencies, and at the same time, involve the participation of mass organisations (Women's Union, Youth's League, Farmer's Association, Confederation of Labour etc) and individuals.

Current Literacy / Non-formal Education Objectives /Strategies
a. Increase investment of manpower and material resources into provinces facing many difficulties.
b. Promote involvement of all social forces during the national literacy campaign.
c. Diversify learning forms.
d. Take teacher training into account.
e. Give preferential treatment to teaching in disadvantaged areas.

Strengthen monitoring supervision and evaluation mechanisms of literacy work.

Lessons Learned from Past Literacy Programmes and Activities
a. The eradication of illiteracy should be institutionalised as a national policy and become a target of socio-economic development of the whole nation as well as of each locality.
b. Literacy programmes should be integrated with socio-economic development programmes aimed at achieving certain rights for the people.
c. Appropriate strategy for literacy: a massive literacy campaign was launched at each important historic event (right after the independence in 1945; the Liberation of the Northern part of the country in 1954; the Liberation of the Southern part of Vietnam in 1975, etc.).
d. Taking into account the raising of awareness about literacy and the provision of support services for learners especially for disadvantaged groups (women and girls, ethnic groups, street children, disabled etc.).

All resources should be mobilised for literacy.

[Updated in April 2003]

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