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>Kerala State
>Bihar State
>Rajasthan State


Literacy Rate Illiterate Population
66.0 % 269.8 millions
2007 figures estimated by UNESCO Institute for Statistics in September 2008



1. Adult Literacy Data

(1) Estimated Number of Adult Illiterates and Literates, 1980-2010

source : UNESCO


(2) Estimated Number of Adult Illiterates by Sex in 1995

source : UNESCO


(3) Adult Literacy Rate by Sex, 1980-2010

source : UNESCO

(4) Main Languages
main language(s) percentage of population used in school
1 Hindi 39.8% YES
2 Bengali 8.2% YES
3 Telugu 7.8% YES
4 Marathi 7.3% YES
5 Tamil 6.2% YES
6 Urdu 5.13% YES
7 Gujarati 4.81% YES
8 Kannada 3.87% YES
9 Malayalam 3.59% YES
10 Oriya 3.32% YES
11 Punjabi 2.76% YES
12 Assamese 1.55% YES
13 Sindhi 0.25% YES
14 Sanskrit 0.01% YES
15 Kashmiri ... YES

Total number of mother tongue 216

source : Census of India, 1991, "Paper 1 of 1997 (Language), Table C-7" (1995).



2. Primary Education Data

year
net enrolment ratio 1995/96 100
enrolment (in thousands) 1996/97 110,390
share of girls enrolment 1996/97 43.0
pupils reaching grade 5 1994 62.0
pupil-teacher ratio 1995 63:1

years of compulsory education
8 years (from 6 years old to 14 years old)

source : UNESCO



3. Pre-primary Education Data

year
gross enrolment ratio 1995 5.0
enrolment (in thousands) 1996/97 2,382
share of girls enrolment 1996/97 49.0
pupil-teacher ratio 1995 62:1

source : UNESCO



4. Basic Socio-Economic Data

year
1 GNP per capita (US$) 1997 390
2 agricultural productivity
per capita (US$)
1995 91
3 total fertility rate (/woman) 1997 3.1
4 infant mortality rate
(age 1, /1,000)
1997 71
5 under-5 mortality rate (/1,000) 1997 108
6 life expectancy at birth (yrs) 1997 62

source : 1 World Bank, 2 UN, 3-5 UNICEF



5. Public Education Expenditure

year
annual budget
for nonformal education
1
1995 Rs, 2.3 billions
(US$ 293 millions)
public expenditure on education as percentage of GNP (%)2 1995 3.5
% share of nonformal education
in total education budget
...

source : 1 Directorate of Adult Education, 2 UNESCO
note : US$ calculated from 1995 Purchasing Power Parity conversion factor, World Bank.



6. Literacy Agencies
National literacy agency National Literacy Mission LINK


7. Literacy Programmes
year
basic literacy
total number of registered learners (in thousands) 1997 8,100
% share of women 1997 60.0
total number of certified learners (in thousands) 1997 7,600
% share of women ...
post-literacy
total number of registered learners (in thousands) 1997 3,900
% share of women 1997 58.0
total number of certified learners (in thousands) ...
% share of women ...




[Updated in July 1999]

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Literacy Rate Illiterate Population
89.8% 2.6 millions
source : Statistical Database for Literacy, Vol.2, National Institute of Adult Education, New Delhi, 1993.


1. Adult Literacy Data

(1) Estimated Number of Adult Illiterates by Sex

source : Census of India, 1981-91, "Socio-Cultural Table (Table C-2)" Kerala.


(2) Adult Literacy Rate by Sex
Data Not Available

(3) Main Languages
main language(s) % of population used in school
1 Malayalam 96.5 YES
2 Tamil 2.1 NO
3 Telugu 0.2 NO
4 Marathi 0.1 NO

Total number of mother tongue(s) :
N/A

source : Census of India, 1991"Paper-1 of 1997 (Language), Table C-7"



2. Primary Education Data

year
net enrolment ratio (%) 1995/96 96.9
enrolment (in thousands) 1995/96 2,846
% share of girls enrolment 1995/96 48.7
pupils reaching grade 5 (%) 1995/96 100
pupil - teacher ratio 1995/96 60:1

source : Annual Report 1996-97, Ministry of Resource Development



3. Pre-primary Education Data

year
gross enrolment ratio (%) ...
enrolment (in thousands) ...

source :



4. Social Indicators

year
1 total fertility rate (/woman) 1993 1.7
2 infant mortality rate
(age 1, /1,000)
1993 13
3 under-5 mortality rate (/1,000) ...
4 life expectancy at birth (yrs) 1993 72

source : Sample Registration System based on abridged life table (1989-1993) & India Development Report 1997.



5. Public Education Expenditure

year
annual budget
for nonformal education
...
% share of nonformal education
in total education budget
...




6. Literacy Programmes

year
basic literacy
total number of registered learners (in thousands) 1990 2,000
% share of women 1990 65.0
total number of certified learners (in thousands) 1990 1,500
% share of women 1990 58.0
post-literacy
total number of registered learners (in thousands) 1995 1,100
% share of women 1995 60.0
total number of certified learners (in thousands) ...
% share of women ...




7. Literacy Rate and Illiterate Population by District

District Name Literacy Rate (%) Illiterate Population
(in thousands)
1 Alppuzha Rural 93.9 109
2 Ernakulam 92.4 192
3 Idukki 86.9 122
4 Kannaur 91.5 167
5 Kasargod 82.5 159
6 Kollam 90.5 202
7 Kottayam 95.0 69
8 Kozhikod 91.1 203
9 Malapuram 87.9 306
10 Palakkar 81.3 382
11 Pathanamthitha 94.9 55
12 Thirssur 90.2 236
13 Thiruvananthapuram 89.2 227
14 Wayand 82.7 99

source : Statistical Database for Literacy, Vol.2, National Institute of Adult Education, New Delhi, 1993.
note : 15 to 35 years old




[Updated in July 1999]

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Literacy Rate Illiterate Population
38.5% 42.2 millions
source : Statistical Database for Literacy, Vol.2, National Institute of Adult Education, New Delhi, 1993.



1. Adult Literacy Data

(1) Estimated Number of Adult Illiterates by Sex

source :


(2) Adult Literacy Rate by Sex
Data Not Available

(3) Main Languages
main language(s) % of population used in school
1 Hindi 81.0 YES
2 Urdu 9.8 YES
3 Bengali 2.9 NO
4 Orya 0.5 NO

Total number of mother tongue(s) :
-

source : Census of India,1991 "Paper-1 of 1997 (Language), Table C-7"



2. Primary Education Data

year
net enrolment ratio (%) 1996/97 70.7
enrolment (in thousands) 1996/97 9,626
% share of girls enrolment 1996/97 36.5
pupils reaching grade 5 (%) ...
pupil - teacher ratio 1996/97 79:1




3. Pre-primary Education Data

year
gross enrolment ratio (%) ...
enrolment (in thousands) ...

source :



4. Social Indicators

year
1 total fertility rate (/woman) 1995 4.5
2 infant mortality rate
(age 1, /1,000)
1996 72
3 under-5 mortality rate (/1,000) ...
4 life expectancy at birth (yrs) 1995 59

source : Sample Registration System based on abridged life table (1989-1993) and India Development Report, 1997.



5. Public Education Expenditure

year
annual budget
for nonformal education
...
% share of nonformal education
in total education budget
...



6. Literacy Programmes

year
basic literacy
total number of registered learners (in thousands) ...
% share of women ...
total number of certified learners (in thousands) ...
% share of women ...
post-literacy
total number of registered learners (in thousands) ...
% share of women ...
total number of certified learners (in thousands) ...
% share of women ...




7. Literacy Rate and Illiterate Population by District

District Name Literacy Rate (%) Illiterate Population
(in thousands)
1 Araria 26.2 930
2 Aurangabad 45.1 671
3 Begusarai 36.9 907
4 Bhagalpur 38.9 1,551
5 Bhojpur 47.2 1,208
6 Darbhanga 34.9 1,299
7 Deoghar 37.9 454
8 Dhanbad 55.5 969
9 Dumka 34.0 790
10 Gaya 40.5 1,255
11 Giridhi 36.0 1,117
12 Godda 34.0 454
13 Gopalganj 35.0 875
14 Gumla 39.7 560
15 Hazaribag 38.0 1,383
16 Jehanabad 45.8 513
17 Katihar 28.7 1,015
18 Khagaria 32.3 527
19 Kishanganj 22.2 601
20 Lohardaga 40.8 135
21 Madhepura 27.7 673
22 Madhubani 33.2 1,513
23 Munger 41.6 1,424
24 Muzaffarpur 36.1 1,507
25 Nalanda 46.9 849
26 Nawada 39.0 659
27 Palamu 31.1 1,301
28 Paschim Champaran 28.0 1,334
29 Pashchimi Singhbhum 38.9 880
30 Patna 56.3 1,278
31 Purba Champaran 27.6 1,744
32 Purbi Singhbhum 59.1 556
33 Purnia 28.5 1,054
34 Ranchi 51.5 873
35 Rohtas 45.4 1,246
36 Saharsa 29.0 1,394
37 Sahibganj 27.0 749
38 Samastipur 36.4 1,365
39 Saran 41.8 1,177
40 Sitamarhi 28.1 1,373
41 Siwan 39.1 1,035
42 Vaishali 40.6 1,005

source : National Institute of Adult Education, New Delhi,1991.
note : 15 to 35 years old




[Updated in July 1999]

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Literacy Rate Illiterate Population
38.6% 21.6 millions
source : Statistical Database for Literacy, Vol.2, National Institute of Adult Education, New Delhi, 1993.



1. Adult Literacy Data

(1) Estimated Number of Adult Illiterates by Sex

source : Census of India, 1981-91, "Socio-Cultural Table (Table C-2)", Rajastan.


(2) Adult Literacy Rate by Sex
Data Not Available

(3) Main Languages
main language(s) % of population used in school
1 Hindi 89.6 YES
2 Urdu 2.2 YES
3 Punjabi 1.8 NO
4 Sindhi 0.8 NO

Total number of mother tongue(s) :
N/A

source : Census of India, 1991" Paper-1 of 1997 (Language), Table C-7"



2. Primary Education Data

year
net enrolment ratio (%)
enrolment (in thousands) 1995/96 6,232
% share of girls enrolment 1995/96 35.0
pupils reaching grade 5 (%) 1995/96 47.6
pupil - teacher ratio 1995/96 65:1

source : Annual Report 1996-97, Ministry of Human Resource Development



3. Pre-primary Education Data

year
gross enrolment ratio (%) ...
enrolment (in thousands) ...

source :



4. Social Indicators

year
1 total fertility rate (/woman) 1993 4.5
2 infant mortality rate
(age 1, /1,000)
1993 82
3 under-5 mortality rate (/1,000) ...
4 life expectancy at birth (yrs) 1993 58

source : Sample Registration System based on abridged life table (1989-1993) & India Development Report 1997



5. Public Education Expenditure

year
annual budget
for nonformal education
...
% share of nonformal education
in total education budget
...



7. Literacy Programmes

year
basic literacy
total number of registered learners (in thousands) 1997 1,600
% share of women 1997 67.0
total number of certified learners (in thousands) 1997 900
% share of women 1997 66.0
post-literacy
total number of registered learners (in thousands) 1997 400
% share of women 1997 66.0
total number of certified learners (in thousands) ...
% share of women ...




8. Literacy Rate and Illiterate Population by District

District Name Literacy Rate (%) Illiterate Population
(in thousands)
1 Ajmer 52.3 519
2 Alwar 43.1 739
3 Banswara 26.0 675
4 Barmer 23.0 882
5 Bharatpur 43.0 378
6 Bhilwara 31.7 889
7 Bikaner 41.7 564
8 Bundi 32.8 412
9 Chittorgarh 34.3 800
10 Churu 34.8 790
11 Dhoulpur 35.1 989
12 Dungerpur 30.6 487
13 Ganga Nagar 41.8 1,227
14 Jaipur 47.9 826
15 Jaisalmer 30.1 193
16 Jalor 23.8 688
17 Jhalwar 32.9 570
18 Jhunjhunu 47.6 658
19 Jodhpur 40.7 1,026
20 Kota 47.9 846
21 Pali 36.0 765
22 Sikkar 42.5 672
23 Sirohi 31.9 356
24 Swaimadhopur 36.3 996
25 Tonk 33.7 519
26 Udaipur 34.4 1,543

source : Statistical Database for Literacy, Vol.2, National Institute of Adult Education, 1993, New Delhi.
note : 15 to 35 years old




[Updated in July 1999]

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