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Republic of Korea

Kayagum Sanjo

Kayagum's Scattered Melodies


RepofKorea_A10_KayagumSanjo

Performing a Kayagum Sanjo (Yang Seung-Hee).


Sanjo is thought to have been developed from Shinawi, a form of improvisation played in shaman ceremonies in Cholla province, south western part of the Korean Peninsula. It is performed by kayagum, a 12-silk-stringed zither.


Reasons for selection

Kayagum Sanjo is recognized in Korea, as the most typical traditional and historical music, representing the beauty like the endless interaction of tension and relaxation which reflects the oriental philosophy of constant production of life.


Area where performed

Korea


Essential elements of the performing art

Music


Detailed explanation

Brief description of Kayagum Sanjo
Sanjo is thought to have been developed from Shinawi, a form of improvisation played in shaman ceremonies in Cholla province, south western part of the Korea peninsula. Typical Sanjo begins with a free improvisation played for tuning and then moves from a long and slow movement in chinyangjo rhythmic cycle, through a sequence of movements that gradually increase in tempo- chungmori, chungjungmori, chajinmori to a resolution in a fast quadruple cycle ( huoimori ).

Brief history
Kayagum is believed to have been invented in the 6th century by King Kasil of the Kaya Dynasty which was located on the southern part of the Korea. Currently the kayagum is the best known of Korea's traditional musical instruments. The contemporary instrument, which is often referred to as sanjo kayagum to its frequent use in solo performances of a type of music called Sanjo, is slightly smaller than the traditional kayagum. The larger and archaic kayagum is now called pobgum.


Publication and textual documentation

Office of Cultural Properties
1985 Important Intangible Cultural Properties: A Commentary on Ritual and Play.
Office of Cultural Properties.


Audio documentation

Yang Seung Hee
1997 Kayagum Sanjo ( Juk-pa version).
Republic of Korea: Seoul Records Inc.


Visual documentation

not yet available


Institution/organisation involved in preservation and promotion

Office of Cultural Properties


Data provider

Mr. Im Jang-Hyuk
Senior Researcher (Folkloric Studies Division)
National Research Institute of Cultural Properties of Korea
Address: 1 Sejong-Ro, Chongno-ku, Seoul 110-050
Republic of Korea